Throughout adulthood, several key tests can help ensure that men and women stay as healthy as possible as long as possible. These guidelines apply to healthy adults in the general population. The right plan for your care may differ based on your medical history, family history, personal preferences and lifestyle, as well as your provider’s experience.
Blood pressure test
Blood pressure screenings are recommended at least every two years for men and women beginning at age 18. However, if the systolic pressure (the top number on the blood pressure fraction) is between 120 and 139 and the diastolic pressure (the number on the bottom of the fraction) is between 80 and 89 mmHg or above, you may need screenings annually.
Breast exam, physician
Women age 40 and older, annually.
Cervical cancer screening
Pap smear/Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) testing – Women ages 21 to 64, annual Pap test without HPV test up to age 30, Pap test with HPV test every three years after 30.
Men and women age 20 and older may need regular cholesterol screenings, especially if they have an increased risk for heart disease. Every 5 years or more frequently based on test results or risk profile.
Colorectal cancer screening
Men and women age 50 and older have this test every 10 years to detect colorectal cancer or precancerous growths called polyps. If there is a family history of colorectal diseases, doctors may recommend tests earlier or more often.
Fasting Plasma Glucose (recommended) or Random Plasma Glucose – Men and women age 45 and over, every three years.
Women ages 40 and over- Annually
Men and women between the ages of 50 and 70 with risk factors, such as family history of osteoporosis, a sedentary lifestyle, smoking and taking steroid medications, should have this type of test. Women should be tested at menopause if additional risk factors exist. Baseline testing, with follow-up interval based on test results.
Prostate cancer screening
Digital Rectal Exam (DRE) and Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA) test/discussion with physician – Men age 50 and over, starting at age 40 for African Americans – Annually.
Talk with our Family Medicine Provider, Alison Shepherd, MSN, APRN, about which screenings might be right for you and learn what types of tests are covered by your insurance.